Hormones and Their Role

Hormones and Their Role in Overall Wellness

Paulette Potter
September 30, 2022 0 Comment

Hormones serve as “messengers” to trigger certain bodily development, such as growth, mood, and sexuality. However, there are situations wherein the abundance or lack of them can harm the body and impact overall wellness. For instance, testosterone pills can help promote masculinity and improve fertility in men.

In this article, we will look at how different hormones promote overall wellness in the body.

What Are Hormones?

As mentioned, hormones are like body messengers. They are composed of complex chemicals and run through the bloodstream carrying information from the glands to the designated cells. The usual “message” is turning on or off a certain cellular process. For example, growth hormones signal cells to multiply more, and thus, they make one grow taller and bigger.

The glands are part of the endocrine system, and by that logic, the system is responsible for the movement of hormones. These glands are all over the body, and each of them is responsible for a particular cellular process.

Here are some of them:

  • Hypothalamus – Part of the brain that controls all the glands in releasing hormones
  • Pituitary – In charge of bodily growth
  • Thyroid – Responsible for the metabolism
  • Parathyroid – Control the calcium level of the body
  • Adrena l – Responsible for blood pressure and response to stress
  • Pineal – Manages sleep cycle
  • Pancreas – Controls the sugar level of the blood
  • Ovaries – Releases mainly estrogen, which is the main female hormone
  • Testes – Releases mainly testosterone, which is the main male hormone

Impact of Hormones on Wellness

Wondering what role hormones play in the human body? Here is everything you should know.

On Sleep

It is highly recommended to get enough sleep, preferably 7 to 9 hours a day. This is because quality sleep can help to replenish essential hormones such as oxytocin and melatonin. Moreover, these hormones also impact your motivation to sleep and wake up. Hence, there is dependency within the cycle.

On Mood

Did you know that hormones play major roles in your mood? For instance, the cortisol hormone helps your body respond to stress, especially in “fight-or-flight” circumstances. As you deal with stress, cortisol brings out an energy boost, like adrenaline, from the food you consumed.

There’s also a hormone that is responsible for making you ‘happy’ or, to be more specific, ‘satisfied’. This is serotonin. It regulates your mood and also acts as a neurotransmitter. It also plays a major role in gut health.

Another positive hormone is dopamine. Like serotonin, dopamine is a neurotransmitter and it plays a key role in the reward system in the brain or other words, ‘pleasure’. Furthermore, the hormone is responsible for a lot of functions such as widening blood vessels, increasing urine output, and reducing insulin production.

On Sexual Function

The sex hormones, testosterone, and estrogen are what make men masculine and women feminine. They are responsible for the reproductive system functions and also the sexual drive. Even though testosterone is for men, women can have a certain amount of it.

The same goes for women. However, an overabundance of hormones not intended for their sexuality can make men more feminine and women more masculine.

On Weight Management

Seeing that hormones regulate mineral levels in the body, it can be said that they are also responsible for managing your weight. Hormones can help control the sugar level, calcium level, energy boost, metabolism, sleep management, and physical determination. All these can affect your weight management processes like food cravings and motivation to exercise.


The number of hormones in your body can increase or decrease depending on your nutrient intake and genetics. As one age, the number will start to lessen and this can affect essential bodily functions. Fortunately, several things can help with boosting testosterone and other essential hormones. This can include eating a healthy diet, taking supplements, exercising, and going for therapies.